Anton Pannekoek: The economic necessity of imperialism (1916)

Document Source

Source: Ant. Pannekoek, De ekonomische noodzakelijkheid van het imperialisme, in De Nieuwe Tijd, Vol.21 no.5, May 5, 1916. (facsimile scan in pdf)
Translation from Dutch, notes and subtitles: F.C. Proofreading: H.C., February 2021.
Notes by Pannekoek are indicated by the initials A.P. Editorial notes have been put between [square brackets].

Works referenced by Pannekoek

  • Karl Marx, Das Kapital, Bd. II, 21. Kapitel. Akkumulation und erweiterte Reproduktion (MEW, Bd. 24, S. 485 ff.), specifically: III. Schematische Darstellung der Akkumulation (S. 501 ff.) For an English translation see the Marxists Internet Archive.
  • Rosa Luxemburg, Die Akkumulation des Kapitals, 1. Abschnitt. Das Problem der Reproduktion; 7. Kapitel. Analyse des Marxschen Schemas der erweiterten Reproduktion. Translated from: Gesammelte Werke, Dietz Verlag Berlin, 1985, Bd. 5, S. 102. Compare to the English translation at the Marxists Internet Archive.
  • Anton Pannekoek: “Rosa Luxemburg, Die Akkumulation des Kapitals : Ein Beitrag zur ökonomischen Erklärung des Imperialismus”, in Bremer Bürger-Zeitung, 29-30. Januar 1913, Feuilleton, Nr. 24-25. Reprinted in: Proletarier, Zeitschrift für Kommunismus (1923 no. 3, p. 13 ff.). A facsimile scan in pdf of the latter is available at

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