Vol. 2 Issue #3, May 31, 2018.
June – July
24 p. (A4, pdf)
“Old mole History, you have bravely worked! At this moment the slogan, the call resounds again over the international, the German proletariat, that only the great hour of a worldwide turning point can bring: imperialism or socialism! War or revolution! There is no third!”
(Rosa Luxemburg, “Der alte Maulwurf”, Spartakusbriefe No. 5, May 1917)
“Doubt is out of the question. We are on the threshold of a world proletarian revolution.”
(Lenin, “The crisis has matured”, October 20 (7), 1917 in the newspaper Rabochy Put – “The Workers’ Path” – No. 20)
On August 4th, 1914, German Social-Democracy – considered the “jewel of the organization of the conscious proletariat” (1) – capitulates without condition by subjecting itself with body and soul to its bourgeoisie. It votes unanimously for the war credits. Opposed to this vote, Karl Liebknecht was obliged to side with it by discipline, which he very quickly will consider as “a grave error” on his part. Only on December 2nd, 1914, he publicly votes against. He is disavowed by all SPD deputies, including the so-called left around Ledebour and Hoffmann who would form the USPD in 1917. Continue reading “The impact of the Russian revolution in Germany 1914 – 1918”